Crsreports.congress.gov

COVID-19 and Passenger Airline Travel

International Travel The federal response to address COVID-19 spread through passenger airline travel has focused on risk-based health screening of inbound international passengers and restrictions placed on certain international arrivals. On January 31, 2020, President Trump suspended travel from China. International travel

Actived: 4 days ago

URL: https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/IN/IN11265

U.S. Travel and Tourism and COVID-19

(4 days ago) travel sectors to ask the U.S. government for financial assistance. For Congress, this raises questions about the likely economic effects of COVID-19 on travel and tourism and the level of support warranted for some industry segments that may quickly recover once the pandemic subsides and businesses reopen.

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Presidential Travel: Policy and Costs

(6 days ago) travel on mixed official/political trips may be accomplished through a formula based on the amount of time actually spent by the President and Vice President in meetings, receptions, rallies and similar activity. Time spent in actual travel, private study, or rest and recreation will not be included in …

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Veterans Affairs Beneficiary Travel Program: Questions and

(4 days ago) Travel benefits are also provided for a limited group of non-veterans. Although the benefits are standardized nationally, specific mileage calculations and reimbursements are made individually at VA’s 153 hospitals (medical centers) around the country through their business or travel offices. Time limits also apply for requesting reimbursement.

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Trusted Traveler Programs

(4 days ago) travel times and take steps to provide expedited screening at standard screening lanes when PreCheck lanes are not available. It also instructed TSA to ensure that only trusted traveler program members and members of the U.S. Armed Forces are permitted to use PreCheck screening lanes.6 Eligibility Requirements and Application Process

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Overview of “Travel Ban” Litigation and Recent Developments

(6 days ago) travel restrictions on foreign nationals from five countries covered by earlier versions of the Travel Ban (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen) and imposed new travel restrictions on certain aliens from three additional countries (Chad, North Korea, and Venezuela). The Trump Administration subsequently lifted

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COVID-19: Federal Travel Restrictions and Quarantine Measures

(6 days ago) “to regulate the travel of persons and aircraft to the United States to facilitate the orderly medical screening and, where appropriate, quarantine of persons who enter the United States and who may have been exposed to the virus.” To this end, on February 2, 2020, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

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The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist

(2 days ago) in two travel-related screening processes—visa screening and air passenger screening. Both processes involve subsets of the Terrorist Screening Database. The TSDB as well as terrorist watchlisting and screening efforts are of keen congressional interest. This report endeavors to offer policymakers an overview of these issues to help in the

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The Future of Space Tourism

(2 days ago) In 1997, two travel-industry veterans founded Space Adventures to offer “bookable space-related adventures.”5 Space Adventures is the only private company to send paying customers to orbital space so far.6 For about a decade, the company functioned as a sort of space travel agency that brokered rides for paying customers aboard the

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Protection of Federal Government Officials

(4 days ago) public, travel needs, and the officials’ personal preferences. Finally, GAO reported in 2000 that the primary PPD personnel employed at 11 agencies, including 2 offices of Inspectors General, were deputized as U.S. Marshals to provide them with needed law enforcement authorities. Shawn Reese, Analyst in Emergency Management and

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COVID-19: Restrictions on Travelers at U.S. Land Borders

(4 days ago) Other International Travel Restrictions Currently in Place Due to the coronavirus pandemic, international travel restrictions to the United States have been put into place to slow its spread. On January 31, President Trump issued a proclamation …

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Supersonic Passenger Flights

(2 days ago) Providing premium air travel on selected routes, however, failed to make Concorde flights a sustainable business. Even as the development costs of the Concorde were written off by the 3 F. Edward McLean, “Supersonic Cruise Technology,” National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA SP-472, 1985, pp. 12-16.

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COVID-19 and the U.S. Economy

(2 days ago) effect, trade and travel were disrupted, and commerce screeched to a halt. The economy has improved since the worst months of the second quarter of 2020 but is still not fully recovered. This section discusses key economic indicators and how the …

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Department of Veterans Affairs (VA): A Primer on Telehealth

(2 days ago) travel long distances to reach health care facilities.3 In conjunction with the Veterans Choice Program (VCP), the recently enacted VA Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks Act of 2018 (VA MISSION Act; P.L. 115-182), and other measures

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Disclosure of International Travel by Congress

(6 days ago) travel that is sponsored by a foreign government or private entity is subject to disclosure, including destinations, attendees, costs, itineraries, and identification of who is paying, pursuant to the requirements of House or Senate ethics rules. An overview of rules, regulations, and statutes

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COVID-19-Related Suspension of Immigrant Entry

(4 days ago) lack an official travel document other than a visa that is valid as of April 24, 2020 or issued thereafter. Examples of documents that permit foreign nationals to travel to the United States and seek admission include a transportation letter, a boarding foil, or an advance parole document.

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U.S. Travel and Tourism: Industry Trends and Policy Issues

(4 days ago) Travel and tourism from large emerging markets are expanding. For instance, in 2012, 83 million Chinese traveled abroad, compared with 10 million in 2000, according to UNWTO.15 By 2023, China is expected to overtake the United States as the world’s largest tourist market in the total

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Improving Intercity Passenger Rail Service in the United

(2 days ago) faster travel times and private automobiles offering convenient access to a network of new federally funded highways. The rail industry’s worsening financial health meant that infrastructure conditions also worsened as maintenance was deferred, contributing to reduced speeds and reliability.

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COVID-19: Current Travel Restrictions and Quarantine Measures

(8 days ago) COVID-19: Current Travel Restrictions and Quarantine Measures Updated March 12, 2020 The United States, along with many countries, is responding to an outbreak of a respiratory disease, now referred to as COVID-19, which is caused by a novel coronavirus first detected in mainland China’s Hubei Province in late 2019.

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Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

(4 days ago) repealed to expand categories of travel to Cuba or lift travel restrictions altogether. The George W. Bush Administration tightened the travel regulations significantly, with additional restrictions on family visits, educational travel, and travel for those involved in amateur and semiprofessional international sports federation competitions.

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Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other

(4 days ago) former Presidents with a pension, funds for travel, office space, support staff, and mailing privileges. According to the FPA, upon leaving office, former Presidents are to receive a pension that is equal to the pay for the head of an executive department (Executive …

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Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

(7 days ago) travel to Cuba, which effectively result in a travel ban. Accordingly, from 1963 until 1977, travel to Cuba was effectively banned under the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) issued by the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) to implement the embargo.

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Entry Restrictions at the Northern and Southern Borders in

(6 days ago) travel for tourism purposes, such as sightseeing, recreation, gambling, or attending cultural events. The rules clarify that these restrictions will not “interrupt legitimate trade” or interfere with “critical supply chains,” such as food, fuel, and medicine. …

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Addressing COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts on Civil Aviation

(2 days ago) The combination of travel restrictions; state and local mandates to stay at home, shelter in place, and self-quarantine after travel from certain areas; and public concerns over the risk of contracting COVID-19 from travel-related activities has had a significant impact on air travel demand since March 2020.

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Helping U.S. Citizens Abroad During the COVID-19 Pandemic

(4 days ago) travel risks, as well as recommendations on how to prepare for possible contingencies. Travel Advisory Travel Advisories are issued for every country and include guidance regarding country-specific security concerns. Each Travel Advisory is designated at an overall level, ranging from Level 1 (Exercise Normal Precautions) to Level 4 (Do Not

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COVID-19 and Private Health Insurance Coverage: Frequently

(2 days ago) FAQ: COVID-19 and Private Health Insurance Coverage Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues in 2021.

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Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

(7 days ago) hosted travel and people-to-people educational exchanges were eliminated as permissible travel to Cuba. The Bush Administration also cracked down on those traveling to Cuba illegally, further restricted religious travel by changing licensing guidelines for such travel, and suspended the

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Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution

(2 days ago) managers can take steps to defer hiring actions, restrict travel policies, or cancel nonessential education and training events for personnel to keep their spending within the confines of a CR. On their face, CRs are disruptive to routine agency operations and many of the procedures used

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Aviation Security Measures and Domestic Terrorism Threats

(4 days ago) barred from air travel or subject to enhanced screening until their cases are adjudicated. Airline Blacklists Airlines’ contracts of carriage, to which passengers agree when they purchase tickets, oblige passengers to obey airline rules and policies and comply with crewmembers performing their duties. Airlines may refuse to provide

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Presidential Actions to Exclude Aliens Under INA § 212(f)

(6 days ago) the third iteration of the “Travel Ban” did not exceed the President’s authority under § 212(f). The majority stated that § 212(f) “exudes deference to the President” and grants him extremely broad power to impose entry restrictions. The Court reasoned that § 212(f) is a “comprehensive delegation” that gives the

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Reauthorization of the Federal Public Transportation Program

(2 days ago) Even if travel fully recovers from the pandemic, spending from the mass transit account is projected to exceed revenues by an average of $5 billion annually through FY2025. Bringing receipts and expenditures into balance would require a cut in

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Adding Countries to the Visa Waiver Program: Effects on

(4 days ago) Figures from U.S. Travel, the industry group representing travel and tourism organizations, show that nationals from VWP countries generated an estimated $190 billion in economic activity and supported close to 1 million jobs in the United States in 2017. In addition, the U.S. government’s National Travel

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Defense Primer: Hypersonic Boost-Glide Weapons

(4 days ago) booster, could travel to ranges of 1,800-2,500 kilometers. and pose an existential threat to our nation. China is also developing the DF-41 long-range intercontinental ballistic missile, which, according to a 2014 report by a U.S. Congressional Commission, could carry a nuclear hypersonic glide vehicle. General Terrence

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Visa Waiver Program

(4 days ago) and Terrorist Travel Prevention Act (P.L. 114-113), all nationals from a VWP country were eligible to travel under the program—provided they received an ESTA approval. P.L. 114-1139 changed eligibility for the VWP by prohibiting people who were present in certain countries since March 1, 2011, with limited exceptions, from traveling under the

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Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

(4 days ago) expenses, including staff, mail, travel between a Member’s district or state and Washington, DC, equipment, and other goods and services. Although the House and Senate allowances are structured differently, both are determined by formulas based on variables from the district or state (i.e., distance from Washington, DC).

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Overview of U.S. Domestic Response to Coronavirus Disease

(3 days ago) Travel restrictions and quarantine requirements are in effect for certain travelers who have been in mainland China or the Islamic Republic of Iran within 14 days prior to arrival, pursuant to Proclamations issued by President Trump. U.S. Department of State and other agencies have ordered or facilitated the repatriation of certain

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Surface Transportation Reauthorization and Climate Change

(2 days ago) Vehicle travel, and thus transportation GHG emissions per capita, are related to gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. Countries with lower GDP per capita, such as India and China, emit less GHG per capita from transportation than the United States. Nevertheless, there are major differences between countries with similar incomes.

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SCOTUS: Yakama Treaty Travel Right Preempts Washington

(6 days ago) the interpretation of the Washington Supreme Court, the tax was taxing travel because “the State must prove that Cougar Den traveled by highway . . . to apply its tax.” The plurality determines that the “treaty’s right to travel on the public highways includes the right to travel

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COVID-19 and Federal Procurement Contracts

(6 days ago) CRS Legal Sidebar Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Legal Sidebari COVID-19 and Federal Procurement Contracts March 24, 2020 The COVID-19 pandemic and related mandates and recommendations to practice social distancing, work

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Money Laundering: An Abridged Overview Related Law

(7 days ago) related statute, the Travel Act (18 U.S.C. § 1952), punishes interstate or foreign travel, or the use of interstate or foreign facilities, conducted with the intent to distribute the proceeds of a more modest list of predicate offenses or to promote or carry on such offenses when an overt act is committed in furtherance of that intent.

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COVID-19 and Funding for Civil Aviation

(4 days ago) Since then, travel restrictions imposed by governments around the world as well as suspension of nonessential travel by businesses and organizations have led to a sharp drop in air travel. These developments could also have significant implications for civil aviation programs.

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Biometric Entry-Exit System: Legislative History and Status

(4 days ago) checks of travel document across the travel continuum” at air, land, and sea POEs. TVS currently operates in 27 airports, 7 seaports, and 5 land border locations across the United States, as well as 4 preclearance locations. A Matching Technology TVS compares the …

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Updated September 3, 2021 Cuba: U.S. Policy Overview

(6 days ago) Restrictions on Travel and Remittances. Since 2019, the United States has imposed an array of restrictions on travel and remittances. On travel, these have included eliminating people-to-people educational travel, prohibiting cruise ships and private and corporate aircraft from going to Cuba, suspending commercial flights to cites other than

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Transportation Security: Background and Issues for the

(2 days ago) unduly interfering with travel, commerce, and civil liberties. Transportation security has been a major policy focus since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In the aftermath of those attacks, Congress moved quickly to pass the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA; P.L. 107-71), creating the Transportation Security

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Morocco: Background and U.S. Relations

(2 days ago) emergency to restrict intercity travel along with nonessential movement by residents. On June 9, authorities announced a gradual easing of some restrictive measures. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament and local government officials. King Mohammed VI, who

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Cuba: Challenges for U.S. Policymakers in 2021

(4 days ago) restrictions on travel, remittances, trade, telecommunications, and banking and financial services (2015/2016). The restoration of relations led to increased government-to-government engagement, including over 20 bilateral agreements and numerous dialogues. Return to Sanctions-Focused Policy Under the Trump Administration

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UPDATE: The End of the Deferred Action for Childhood

(8 days ago) applications for advance parole to DACA recipients who sought travel abroad for emergency, educational, or employment reasons. In phasing out DACA, DHS has announced that it will not approve new applications for advance parole, but will …

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Azerbaijan and Armenia: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

(2 days ago) Azerbaijan and Armenia: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction In autumn 2020, a six-week war fundamentally …

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